A look at Canada’s sanctions and other actions against Russia
OTTAWA — Canada has tightened sanctions against Russia following Moscow’s attack on neighboring Ukraine.
OTTAWA — Canada has tightened sanctions against Russia following Moscow’s attack on neighboring Ukraine. An overview of the measures and other measures taken by Canada:
— Sanctioned 160 members of the Federation Council of Russia, which is similar to the Senate of Canada.
— Creation of a “list of restricted goods and technologies” which will prohibit the export of certain electronic, computer, telecommunications, sensors and lasers, navigation and avionics equipment as well as marine, aerospace goods and transportation.
— Sanctioned 15 Russian politicians and military leaders, including the Russian Deputy Prime Minister, the Commander of the Air Force and several heads of the Russian Navy.
— Sanctions imposed on Russian oligarch Roman Abramovich, owner of Chelsea Football Club and majority shareholder of Evraz, a British multinational manufacturing company that operates a steel mill in Regina.
— Sanctioned four other Russian oligarchs along with Abramovich. Their assets will be frozen and restrictions imposed on 32 military entities in Russia.
— Sanctions imposed on 10 more Russian political and business leaders. The government says the names of the individuals were taken from a list of potential targets compiled by imprisoned Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny.
— Removal of Russia and its ally Belarus from its list of most favored nations of trading partners. This now subjects their exports to 35% tariffs. Previously, the only country not on the list was North Korea.
— Sanctions imposed on 10 executives of Gazprom, a major Russian state energy company, and Rosneft, Russia’s leading oil company.
— Prohibits all Canadian financial institutions from transacting with the Russian central bank.
— Imposition of an asset freeze and a trading ban on Russian sovereign wealth funds.
— Imposed sanctions on Russian President Vladimir Putin, as well as his Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov, and other Kremlin figures.
— Supported Russia’s withdrawal from SWIFT, the digital messaging and payment network that connects thousands of banks around the world.
— Sanctioned 58 individuals and entities linked to Russia, including key political leaders, oligarchs and their families, as well as the paramilitary organization known as the Wagner Group and several major Russian banks.
— Also on the list are members of the Russian Security Council, including key cabinet ministers close to Putin.
— Other sanctions target members of the Russian State Duma who voted to recognize the independence of Donetsk and Luhansk, two breakaway regions of Ukraine that have endured eight years of war fueled by Russian weapons and troops .
— Sanctions freeze assets and prohibit conducting financial transactions with any listed entity. They also impose a travel ban on anyone on the list to Canada.
— A ban on Canadians engaging in transactions and activities in non-government controlled areas of Donetsk and Lugansk.
— A ban on anyone directly or indirectly trading Russia’s sovereign debt in an effort to prevent that country from going into debt to cover its expenses.
— Sent $50 million in specialized equipment, including Canadian-made cameras for surveillance drones.
— Sent 4,500 rocket launchers and 7,500 hand grenades from the Canadian Forces Armory in Ukraine.
— Pledged $1 million for the purchase of modern high-resolution satellite imagery.
— Provided 1,600 additional Frag Vests and just under 400,000 Meal Packs to Ukraine.
— Sent at least 100 man-portable anti-tank weapons and 2,000 rockets to Ukraine.
— Provided $25 million in helmets, body armor, night vision equipment and other non-lethal aids for the Ukrainian military.
— Sent up to 460 additional soldiers to join the approximately 800 already deployed in Europe as part of NATO.
— Sent a battery of artillery guns and an electronic warfare group. The battle group in Latvia already includes up to 540 Canadian troops, vehicles and equipment.
— Sent a CP-140 Aurora long-range patrol aircraft to serve under NATO command and a second frigate with a maritime helicopter to join the NATO Standing Naval Forces.
— Approximately 3,400 members of the Canadian Armed Forces have also been authorized to deploy to Europe should NATO require them.
— Offered up to $10 million worth of arms and equipment to Ukraine. This includes $7.8 million in lethal weapons and ammunition.
— Pledged to match up to $30 million in donations to the Canadian Red Cross to help relief efforts in Ukraine, tripling a previous figure of $10 million.
— Allocated $117 million to support its fast-track refugee claim process for Ukrainians.
— This process allows an unlimited number of Ukrainians to apply for an expedited visa to stay for two years, without conditions such as language requirements or labor market impact assessments.
— A new reunification program for Ukrainians with family in Canada who want to come and stay here permanently.
— Encourage refugees to continue to apply to come to Canada through traditional immigration channels. At least 6,000 fast-track applications from Ukraine have been approved since January.
— Called for the suspension of Russia from Interpol.
— Ban on Russian-owned or registered vessels and fishing vessels from Canadian ports and inland waters.
— Provided an additional $100 million in humanitarian assistance to Ukraine to help displaced people and provide emergency health services including trauma care, shelter, water, facilities sanitation and food. This is in addition to the $15 million that Canada has already allocated to Ukraine since the start of 2022 and the $30 million through the Canadian Red Cross.
— Asked the International Criminal Court to speed up its investigation of Russia for possible war crimes.
— Banned all imports of Russian crude oil, which were already negligible in the country.
— Reinforced its presence in the region in order to be able to expedite immigration applications for Ukrainians. Canada has already fast-tracked existing immigration applications from Ukraine.
— Asked the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to review the presence of Russian state broadcaster RT on Canadian airwaves.
— Closed its airspace to Russian planes.
— Cancellation of existing export permits for Russia, worth an estimated $700 million in trade.
— Provided Ukraine with up to $620 million in loans to help the country counter Russian efforts to destabilize the Ukrainian economy.
—Advised Canadians in early February to avoid all travel to Ukraine. More recently, Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly urged all Canadians in Ukraine to leave immediately.
— Closed its embassy in the Ukrainian capital of kyiv.
This report from The Canadian Press was first published on March 24, 2022.
The Canadian Press