Pacific Salmon Strategy Initiative | Mirage News
This one-of-a-kind, multi-pronged approach is based on four key pillars:
- Conservation and stewardship;
- Improved hatchery production;
- Harvest processing, and;
- Integrated management and collaboration.
Conservation and Stewardship: Focused Science and More Integrated Data to Support Effective Decision Making Regarding Ecosystem Planning and Habitat Restoration
- Work with the Province of British Columbia to double the British Columbia Salmon Restoration and Innovation Fund (BCSRIF) with an additional federal contribution of $ 100 million to the current program of $ 142.85 million . The BCSRIF is co-funded by DFO and the Province of British Columbia and was established in 2019 to help rebuild salmon habitats through community projects.
- Deepen our understanding of salmon ecosystems – rivers, estuaries, their migration routes and interactions – through increased reporting of the state of salmon and ecosystems to strengthen decision-making. The investments will support an interdisciplinary team that will produce integrated data, research and analysis on the salmon ecosystem to support program decisions.
- Further integrate salmon, ecosystem and climate data to identify salmon survival factors and assess their vulnerability to climate change and warming waters.
- Create a new center of restoration expertise, as well as an independent advisory body, to collaborate and support the work of our partners, which will help ensure that stewardship, reconstruction and habitat restoration projects are integrated and more efficient.
Improved hatchery production: Increase salmon populations to help stabilize stocks while creating economic harvesting opportunities
- DFO begins consultations and plans to build new hatcheries where they are most critical to support Pacific salmon stocks. Salmon hatcheries can support both conservation and harvest objectives, and play an important role in restoring vulnerable populations of Pacific salmon stocks. We will also work strategically with existing hatcheries to increase their efforts, where appropriate, and to support economic opportunities for recreational fishers.
- For all breeding projects, DFO applies a wide range of guidelines and best practices, including genetic management guidelines that are updated as new knowledge becomes available. A variety of strategies taking into account hatchery objectives, biology and stock status, and habitat status of target salmon populations are applied.
- In accordance with the Wild Salmon Policy, the Salmon Enhancement Program makes decisions using a precautionary approach that includes assessment of the biological risks associated with enhancement of each specific stock.
- Hatcheries are also the places where fish are “tagged” to support selective tagging fisheries. For example, when recreational fishermen are allowed to fish only marked hatchery fish, ensuring that wild salmon are not targeted.
Harvest processing: modernizing and stabilizing the salmon fishery
- DFO will announce new modernized approaches to commercial salmon management as part of the upcoming IFMP process.
- First Nations will be consulted on potential new approaches to fisheries management, including innovative harvesting opportunities for food, social and ceremonial (FSC) purposes, where conservation risks can be managed.
- DFO will work with recreational fishers to modernize the way recreational salmon fisheries are managed and to provide sustainable harvest opportunities through tagged selective fisheries.
Integrated management and collaboration: Strong partnerships for better results
- DFO recognizes the value and importance of partnerships with Indigenous peoples, provincial and territorial governments, fishers, stewardship partners, academics, environmentalists and other stakeholders, in order to work together towards the goal. common to effectively stem the decline of Pacific salmon. New mechanisms for ongoing engagement and consultation will be explored and implemented so that, working together, we can achieve better outcomes for Pacific salmon, including salmon habitat and ecosystems.
Given the complex and long reproductive cycle (average 4-5 years) of Pacific salmon, tackling declines will require a series of flexible, integrated measures that will be monitored and adjusted over the next five years and beyond. Work under each pillar will be advanced in collaboration with the wide range of Indigenous partners, fishing groups, stakeholders and communities that depend on Pacific salmon and are calling for radical change.
Over the next few weeks, the Government of Canada will work with these partners, building on the vast knowledge that exists to help determine how best to make these changes and have the greatest positive impact on Pacific salmon. .